Pivot points
pair R3 R2 R1 Pivot S1 S2 S3
AUDCAD 0.9946 0.9919 0.9887 0.9860 0.9828 0.9802 0.9770
AUDCHF 0.7164 0.7122 0.7054 0.7012 0.6943 0.6901 0.6833
AUDHKD 5.6042 5.5778 5.5456 5.5192 5.4870 5.4606 5.4284
AUDJPY 84.89 84.19 83.01 82.31 81.13 80.43 79.25
AUDNZD 1.0774 1.0746 1.0720 1.0692 1.0665 1.0638 1.0611
AUDSGD 1.0051 1.0027 0.9988 0.9963 0.9924 0.9899 0.9860
AUDUSD 0.7197 0.7163 0.7119 0.7085 0.7041 0.7007 0.6963
CADCHF 0.7269 0.7222 0.7155 0.7107 0.7040 0.6993 0.6926
CADHKD 5.6789 5.6527 5.6238 5.5975 5.5686 5.5424 5.5134
CADJPY 86.45 85.58 84.31 83.45 82.18 81.31 80.04
CADSGD 1.0221 1.0183 1.0139 1.0101 1.0057 1.0019 0.9975
CHFHKD 8.0406 7.9790 7.9360 7.8744 7.8314 7.7698 7.7269
CHFJPY 119.61 118.93 118.04 117.37 116.48 115.80 114.92
CHFZAR 16.99 16.72 16.54 16.27 16.08 15.82 15.63
EURAUD 1.6077 1.5958 1.5886 1.5768 1.5696 1.5577 1.5506
EURCAD 1.5872 1.5752 1.5669 1.5549 1.5466 1.5346 1.5263
EURCHF 1.1165 1.1130 1.1089 1.1054 1.1012 1.0978 1.0936
EURCZK 27.13 27.10 27.08 27.06 27.04 27.02 27.00
EURDKK 7.4678 7.4666 7.4652 7.4640 7.4626 7.4614 7.4601
EURGBP 0.7898 0.7833 0.7792 0.7727 0.7687 0.7621 0.7581
EURHKD 8.8627 8.8010 8.7604 8.6987 8.6581 8.5964 8.5558
EURHUF 314.43 313.04 311.93 310.54 309.43 308.04 306.93
EURJPY 132.77 131.84 130.63 129.70 128.49 127.56 126.35
EURNOK 9.7506 9.6890 9.6504 9.5888 9.5502 9.4886 9.4500
EURNZD 1.7192 1.7075 1.6993 1.6875 1.6793 1.6676 1.6594
EURPLN 4.5284 4.4923 4.4720 4.4359 4.4155 4.3795 4.3591
EURSEK 9.5516 9.5101 9.4825 9.4410 9.4135 9.3720 9.3444
EURSGD 1.5919 1.5837 1.5786 1.5703 1.5652 1.5569 1.5518
EURTRY 3.3801 3.3431 3.3206 3.2837 3.2612 3.2242 3.2017
EURUSD 1.1370 1.1293 1.1241 1.1164 1.1112 1.1035 1.0983
EURZAR 18.70 18.44 18.25 17.98 17.79 17.53 17.34
GBPAUD 2.0741 2.0623 2.0513 2.0395 2.0284 2.0166 2.0056
GBPCAD 2.0330 2.0251 2.0179 2.0100 2.0027 1.9948 1.9875
GBPCHF 1.4640 1.4545 1.4398 1.4303 1.4155 1.4060 1.3913
GBPHKD 11.47 11.40 11.32 11.25 11.18 11.10 11.03
GBPJPY 174.40 172.52 169.74 167.85 165.07 163.19 160.41
GBPNZD 2.2133 2.2026 2.1920 2.1813 2.1708 2.1601 2.1495
GBPPLN 5.8091 5.7837 5.7631 5.7377 5.7171 5.6918 5.6712
GBPSGD 2.0650 2.0544 2.0421 2.0315 2.0192 2.0086 1.9963
GBPUSD 1.4733 1.4640 1.4537 1.4444 1.4341 1.4248 1.4145
GBPZAR 23.77 23.59 23.44 23.26 23.11 22.92 22.78
HKDJPY 15.34 15.22 15.03 14.91 14.72 14.59 14.41
NZDCAD 0.9301 0.9275 0.9246 0.9220 0.9191 0.9165 0.9136
NZDCHF 0.6680 0.6644 0.6588 0.6552 0.6496 0.6461 0.6405
NZDHKD 5.2301 5.2076 5.1818 5.1594 5.1335 5.1111 5.0853
NZDJPY 79.42 78.73 77.63 76.95 75.84 75.16 74.06
NZDSGD 0.9404 0.9377 0.9340 0.9313 0.9276 0.9249 0.9213
NZDUSD 0.6719 0.6689 0.6653 0.6623 0.6586 0.6556 0.6519
SGDCHF 0.7150 0.7118 0.7069 0.7038 0.6989 0.6958 0.6909
SGDHKD 5.5874 5.5708 5.5563 5.5398 5.5253 5.5088 5.4943
SGDJPY 84.88 84.24 83.25 82.61 81.62 80.98 79.99
TRYJPY 41.20 40.74 39.99 39.54 38.79 38.33 37.58
USDCAD 1.4129 1.4054 1.3992 1.3916 1.3854 1.3778 1.3716
USDCHF 1.0081 1.0027 0.9950 0.9896 0.9819 0.9765 0.9688
USDCNH 6.5986 6.5911 6.5832 6.5758 6.5678 6.5604 6.5524
USDCZK 24.63 24.52 24.35 24.24 24.08 23.97 23.80
USDDKK 6.7936 6.7626 6.7166 6.6856 6.6396 6.6086 6.5626
USDHKD 7.8059 7.8004 7.7967 7.7913 7.7876 7.7822 7.7785
USDHUF 283.05 281.69 279.75 278.39 276.45 275.09 273.15
USDINR 68.45 68.25 68.14 67.94 67.83 67.63 67.52
USDJPY 119.42 118.48 117.07 116.12 114.72 113.77 112.37
USDMXN 19.28 19.04 18.85 18.61 18.42 18.17 17.98
USDNOK 8.7723 8.7127 8.6513 8.5917 8.5304 8.4708 8.4094
USDPLN 4.0704 4.0361 4.0070 3.9726 3.9435 3.9091 3.8800
USDSAR 3.7514 3.7509 3.7507 3.7502 3.7500 3.7495 3.7493
USDSEK 8.5942 8.5488 8.4995 8.4540 8.4047 8.3592 8.3099
USDSGD 1.4181 1.4143 1.4103 1.4064 1.4024 1.3986 1.3945
USDTHB 35.70 35.65 35.58 35.54 35.46 35.42 35.35
USDTRY 3.0011 2.9776 2.9622 2.9387 2.9233 2.8998 2.8844
USDZAR 16.61 16.41 16.28 16.09 15.95 15.76 15.62
ZARJPY 7.5858 7.4807 7.3228 7.2177 7.0598 6.9547 6.7968

Pivot points are technical indicators which provide levels of resistance and support. They are calculated using the closing, opening, highest and lowest prices from the previous day.
In practice, pivot points may be used as indicators of the trend and intervention levels.

  • Trend indicator: For example, if a pivot point is broken on the downside, that may be interpreted as a sell signal and the start of an intraday falling trend.
  • Intervention level: Pivot points are sometimes used as a stop level

The calculation methods may vary (standard, Woodie, Fibonacci, DeMark and Camarilla methods). The standard calculation is the most widely used.

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